NÚM. 41. VOL. XVII. Revista de Filosofía de las Ciencias de la Vida
Revista. Revista: Ludus Vitalis, nº 41 (vol. XVII). 2014, Ciudad de México (México). Editado por: Centro de Estudios Filosóficos Políticos y Sociales Vicente lombardo Toledano de la Secretaría de Educación Pública, la Universitat de les Illes Balears, La Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa y la Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia
Ciencias Naturales, Ciencias Sociales: Antropología, Ciencias de la Vida, Evolucionismo, Filosofía, Sociología
Este número está dedicado a evolucionismo, epistemología, técnica y naturaleza, la relación mente-cuerpo, conocimiento y conducta, lo humano, una reseña bibliográfica y el foro: ¿para qué sirve la filosofía?
Erica Torrens. Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM
Ana Barahona. Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM
Following the publication in 1859 of On the Origin of Species, perception of natural “Began to change from a ‘creation plan’, known for similarities and differences among species, to that of ‘kinship’, known for genealogical relationships. The achievement of a diagram to represent affinities through evolutionary relationships became a major enterprise for many naturalists. Although Darwin posed the challenge to depict the common descent and evolutionary relationships for living beings in the form of a ‘Tree of Life’, he was not the first to employ the tree metaphor in the life sciences, as he stated at the beginning of his famous arboreal metaphor: “the affinities of all the beings of the same class have sometimes been represented by a great tree.” Who were those authors that represented affinities of beings in the form of trees and when these trees appeared? Were there other metaphors to represent the order found in nature?
Palabras clave: natural system, Charles Darwin, Tree of Life, branching diagrams, natural affinities, common descent, genealogical relationships
Santiago Ginnobili. Departamento de Filosofía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Universidad nacional de Quilmes, Argentina
The historical character of natural selection theory has been controversial. In this article, I will focus on the ambiguity of the uses of the expression “natural selection theory”. Sometimes it is used to refer to the theory that provides the mechanism by which organisms acquire traits that allow them to survive in their environment. It is also used to refer to the theory that explains why certain types of organisms within a population have higher reproductive success than others. This distinction solves some problematic issues when referring to such theory.
Palabras clave: natural selection, historical explanations, genetic explanations, mechanism, Fodor & Piattelli-Palmarini, explanandum of natural selection, Lucia Federico, metatheoretical structuralism, natural laws
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